LINA BO BARDI

1914 - 1992

A COLLABORATOR OF GIO PONTI AND AN EDITOR OF HIS DOMUS MAGAZINE UNTIL 1944, ITALIAN ARCHITECT LINA BO BARDI MOVED TO BRAZIL IN 1946 WITH HER HUSBAND PIETRO MARIA BARDI. THE LATTER, ORIGINALLY A JOURNALIST CONTRIBUTING TO MAJOR EUROPEAN ART PUBLICATIONS, WAS CLOSE TO THE ITALIAN FASCIST PARTY IN THE EARLY 1920’S, JOINING AS A MEMBER IN 1926 AND BECOMING IN 1932 THE DIRECTOR OF THE « OFFICIAL » ART GALLERY. AFTER THEY ARRIVED IN SAO PAULO, LINA AND PIETRO MARIA SET UP AN EXHIBITION OF THE MODERN ART COLLECTION THEY HAD CARRIED WITH THEM – AND WHICH PROVENANCE IS STILL DEBATED. THE COUPLE WAS INTRODUCED TO OSCAR NIEMEYER AND LUCIO COSTA, WHO LATER INTRODUCED THEM TO MEDIA TYCOON ASSIS CHATEAUBRIAND, WHO WAS WORKING ON THE CONSTRUCTION OF A BRAND NEW ART MUSEUM. PIETRO MARIA IS CHOSEN TO BECOME THE DIRECTOR OF THE YET-TO BE BUILT MUSEUM, AND LINA TO DESIGN IT. IN 1947, LINA DESIGNED A SEATING SYSTEM FOR THE MUSEUM’S TEMPORARY BUILDING’ AUDITORIUM. STRUGGLING TO FIND A FACTORY IN SAO PAULO THAT WOULD BE ABLE TO PRODUCE MODERN SEATS, LINA AND P.M. STARTED IN 1948 STUDIO DE ARTE PALMA AND ITS FACTORY PAU BRASIL, WITH THE INTENTION OF PROMOTING INDUSTRIAL DESIGN IN BRAZIL, THUS USING « THE EXTRAORDINARY BEAUTY OF BRAZILIAN WOODS’ GRAINS AND SHADES ». LINA BO BARDI WOULD PIONEER IN THE USE OF LAMINATED AND COMPENSATED WOOD, AT A TIME THE USE OF MASSIVE LOGS PREVAILED. HOWEVER, BENT TUBULAR METAL WOULD BE THE MAIN COMPONENT OF LINA’S MOST NOTABLE CREATIONS, WHICH INCLUDE THE TRIPÉ (1948) AND THE BOLO (1950) CHAIRS, AND THE FAMOUS BOWL CHAIR (1951). MOST OF THESE DESIGNS WOULD BE USED FOR THE FURNISHING OF ONE OF BRAZIL’S ARCHITECTURAL MASTERWORKS, DESIGNED AND ERECTED BY LINA IN 1951, THE CASA DE VIDRO, THE COUPLE’S RESIDENCE IN SAO PAULO’S MORUMBI NEIGHBORHOOD. THE SAME YEAR, LINA AND P.M. HAD TO SHUT DOWN STUDIO DE ARTE PALMA AND THE PAU BRASIL FACTORY, DUE TO A LACK OF ORDERS AND, ACCORDING TO PIETRO MARIA, AN « ANTIMODERN MENTALITY » OF THE BRAZILIAN SOCIETY.

NO WORKS BY LINA BO BARDI CURRENTLY AVAILABLE